On Thursday, March 13, Policy Matters Ohio is hosting two panel discussions at the City Club of Cleveland, 850 Euclid Avenue.
United Way of Greater Cleveland has partnered with the Cleveland Metropolitan School District to develop wraparound strategies in 17 low-performing schools. Wrapping community support around academic environments has proven successful in other communities and it is the first time this innovative strategy has been implemented on a large scale in Cleveland.
Noon: Cleveland Wraparound Schools: Implementing the Plan
Piet van Lier, Policy Matters Ohio communications director and education researcher will moderate a discussion, from a policy perspective, about the opportunities and challenges this kind of initiative presents, and how a community-centered approach to improvement can transform Cleveland schools. Participants are:
- Eric Gordon, CEO of the Cleveland school district;
- Bill Kitson, CEO and president of the United Way of Greater Cleveland;
- Martin Blank, president of the D.C.-based Institute for Educational Leadership and director of the Coalition for Community Schools;
- P.G. Sittenfeld, assistant director of Cincinnati’s Community Learning Center Institute and member of Cincinnati City Council.
4 pm: Cleveland Wraparound Schools: Voices from the Field
Piet van Lier will moderate a second panel to consider, from an educational- and community-partner perspective, the opportunities and challenges of a community-centered approach to school improvement in Cleveland. In addition to Martin Blank and P.G. Sittenfeld, the participants are:
- Katrina Hicks, principal at H. Barbara Booker School in Cleveland;
- Cassandra Washington, wraparound school site coordinator at Mound Elementary School, with lead agency University Settlement;
- Dawn Glasco, Promise Neigbhorhood ambassador in Cleveland’s Central neighborhood.
Poor and middle class would get little benefit, analysis finds
New income-tax cuts of the sort favored by Gov. John Kasich would heavily benefit Ohio’s most affluent taxpayers. An across-the-board cut that would reduce the top rate below 5 percent – a target for Gov. Kasich – would give low-income Ohioans just enough each year to buy a slice of pizza, according to a report released today by Policy Matters Ohio.
The report finds that the top 1 percent of Ohioans, with annual incomes averaging $1 million, would receive cut of $2,515 a year on average. The middle fifth of taxpayers, who make between $34,000 and $54,000, would average a tax cut of $48, while the lowest fifth would get $2.
“Cutting the Ohio income tax will accomplish two things,” said Zach Schiller, research director at Policy Matters Ohio. “It will further skew the tax system in favor of Ohio’s affluent, increasing inequality, and reduce the resources badly needed for our schools, local governments and services.”
For the report, Policy Matters relied on an analysis by the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, a Washington, D.C.-based research group that has a sophisticated model of the tax system. The top income-tax rate after the full phase-in of cuts approved last year will be 5.333 percent, down from the previous 5.925 percent and from 7.5 percent a decade ago. ITEP examined the impact of a 7 percent, across-the-board rate cut, which would reduce the top rate to 4.96 percent.
Only a very small number of Ohioans pay the top rate, which kicks in only for income above $208,500. The top rate is often and erroneously referred to as if it is paid on all taxable income, when in fact it is paid only on taxable income over that amount.
“Another income-tax cut won’t bring Ohio prosperity,” said Schiller. In 2005, the Ohio General Assembly approved a 21 percent phased-in reduction of income-tax rates. The reason for a reduction of that size was to get the top rate, then at 7.5 percent, below 6 percent. Since then, Ohio job performance has lagged behind that of the country as a whole.
Ohio is one of just a dozen states that have lost jobs since June 2005; we have lost a greater share of our jobs in that time than all but two other states, Rhode Island and Michigan. Since January 2011, the number of jobs in Ohio has grown by 3.97 percent; nationally, the figure is 5.02 percent.
An across-the-board cut in rates favored by Gov. Kasich may allow low-income Ohioans to buy a slice of pizza a year, on average. Those in the middle could purchase a cheap pizza maker, while the state’s most affluent taxpayers could use their cut to go on a round-trip for two to Italy, with money left over to pay the hotel bill and buy some real Italian pizza. (more…)
Policy Matters Ohio, a think tank dedicated to creating a more vibrant, equitable, sustainable and inclusive Ohio, seeks a dynamic, outgoing, passionate, dedicated development manager to carry out a fundraising plan, build our individual donor program, manage grants, and help our executive director increase revenue. (more…)
Our recommendations for a smarter Ohio tax system include: maintaining and strengthening the state income tax; reviewing, eliminating and sunsetting tax expenditures; restoring the business share of Ohio taxes; and modernizing the system so it covers today’s economy. (more…)
In our latest eNews: a policy brief on energy efficiency, analysis of what Cuyahoga County’s two largest private nonprofit hospital systems would pay in property taxes if they weren’t exempt, a look at why current rules on help for dislocated workers should stay, and a call to continue federal assistance for the unemployed. (more…)
Unemployment insurance helps keep workers in the labor market, making sure they have transportation to job interviews and money to cover other expenses needed to look for work. Congress should keep this important program alive. (more…)
Smart state policy can foster energy efficiency in Ohio while creating jobs and helping reboot the state’s economic recovery. (more…)
Cuyahoga County’s two largest private nonprofit hospital systems, the Cleveland Clinic and University Hospitals, together would owe tens of millions of dollars a year in additional property tax if their exempt properties in Cleveland were subject to taxation, according to a new study by Policy Matters Ohio.
“By one estimate, the additional property tax for the two institutions together would amount to close to $34 million a year, and more than $20 million annually for the Cleveland school district,” said Zach Schiller, co-author of the report and Policy Matters research director.
Those figures are based on an analysis of county property tax records. Policy Matters calculated the tax that would be due, and then reduced it by 40 percent to account for overvaluation that may occur with properties of nonprofits. The figures do not include the substantial properties for which the Clinic, in particular, is seeking exemptions. Altogether, the two hospitals have more than $2 billion in tax-exempt real property in Cuyahoga County, $1.6 billion in such property in the city of Cleveland, and hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of additional property on which they are seeking exemptions.
Policy Matters analyzed the size of the property holdings of Cuyahoga County’s two major private nonprofit hospital systems nine years ago (see www.policymattersohio.org/valuing-the-tax-exempt-property-of-private-nonprofit-hospitals). We updated our analysis at the request of Common Good Ohio and the Cleveland Teachers Union. The analysis covered the bulk of the hospitals’ properties, but is not comprehensive.
Please check back for more information after Dec. 9
Drilling in the six states that span the Marcellus and Utica Shale formations has produced far fewer new jobs than the industry and its supporters claim, according to a six-state study Policy Matters Ohio released last month with the Multi-State Shale Research Collaborative.
On Monday, December 9 from 1 to 2 p.m., join a webinar for environmental advocates to get the facts on shale drilling’s impact on job creation. This is your opportunity to hear first-hand from the authors of the study and to ask your questions about what this means for Ohio. Webinar capacity is limited, so reserve your spot today at http://bit.ly/ShaleJobsWebinar.
Key findings are included below, and the full report can be found at www.multistateshale.org.
Key Findings from Exaggerating the Employment Impacts of Shale Drilling: How and Why
- While shale-related employment has made a positive contribution to job growth, the number of jobs created is far below industry claims and remains a small share of overall employment in the region.
- Between 2005 and 2012, less than four new direct shale-related jobs have been created for each new well drilled, much less than estimates as high as 31 direct jobs per well in some industry-financed studies.
- Region-wide, shale-related employment accounts for just one out of every 794 jobs. By contrast, education and health sectors account for one out of every six jobs.
- Many of the core extraction jobs existed before the emergence of hydrofracking.
- Together, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia had 38 percent of all producing wells in the country in 1990 and 32 percent in 2000.
- Some counties with a long history of mineral extraction have experienced a shift in employment from coal to shale extraction.
- Industry employment projections have been overstated.
- Some industry supporters have equated “new hires” with “new jobs” and attributed ancillary job figures to shale drilling even when they have nothing to do with drilling.
- Industry-funded studies have used questionable assumption in economic modeling to inflate the number of jobs created in related supply chain industries (indirect jobs) as well as those created by the spending of income earned from the industry or its suppliers (induced jobs).
- Drilling is highly sensitive to price fluctuations, which means that job gains may not be lasting.
- In some counties, employment gains have been reversed as drilling activity shifted to more lucrative oil shale fields in Ohio and North Dakota.
- Direct shale-related employment across the six-state Marcellus/Utica region fell over the last 12 months for which there are data — the first quarter 2012 to the first quarter 2013.
The Multi-State Shale Research Collaborative brings together independent, nonpartisan research and policy organizations in New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia to monitor employment trends and the community impacts of energy extraction in the Marcellus and Utica Shale, Learn more at http://www.multistateshale.org.